Moscow Metro and Train Station Information
Price and Ticket types as of January 2011
In the 1970-90s, the cost of a single journey was 5 kopecks (1/20 of Soviet ruble). The cost of journeys has been steadily rising since 1991, and inflation caused the price to rise considerably (taking into account the 1998 revaluation of the ruble by a factor of 1000). Effective January 2011, one ride or one item of oversize luggage costs 28 rubles (94 US cents); at the same time, one may get a considerable discount (up to 40%) per journey when buying a multiple-trip ticket, starting with 5-journey cards, and children up to 7 years old can travel free when with their parents.
Tickets are available for a fixed number of journeys, irrespective of the distance traveled and the number of transfers. Monthly and yearly passes are also available. Fare enforcement takes place entirely at the points of entry. Once a passenger has entered the Metro system, there are no further ticket checks - one can ride any number of stations and make transfers within the system freely; transfers to other public transport systems such as bus, tram, trolleybus, or monorail are not covered by the ticket.
Before 1991, turnstiles accepted actual coins, however with the start of hyperinflation, plastic tokens of various design were used. Disposable magnetic cards (contact cards) were introduced in 1993 as a test and were used as unlimited monthly tickets between 1996 and 1998. The sale of tokens ended on January 1, 1999 and they stopped being accepted in February 1999; from that time, magnetic cards were used as tickets with a fixed number of journeys.
The Moscow Metro has 176 stations of which 62 are interchange stations.
Train speeds can reach 90 km/h and the aim is to have trains every 3 minutes.
An ‘interesting fact’ is that if you take a metro ride in Moscow towards the centre of the city the station announcements use a male voice. If you are travelling away from the centre then a female voice is used for station announcements. If you are on the ring-line, then a male voice announces the stations as you move clockwise and a female is used for counter clockwise. This system is for the convenience of blind passengers.